Firearms and Weapons Law in the Philippines: Licensing, Ownership, and Restrictions

Firearms and weapons ownership in the Philippines is strictly regulated by Republic Act No. 10591, also known as the "Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act" (CFARA). This law aims to ensure public safety and prevent the misuse of firearms and other weapons. Understanding the licensing, ownership, and restrictions related to firearms and weapons is crucial for anyone interested in owning or possessing them in the Philippines.


To own or possess a firearm in the Philippines, individuals are required to obtain a firearms license from the Philippine National Police (PNP). There are several types of firearms licenses, including those for civilians, government officials and employees, military and law enforcement personnel, and security guards. The process for obtaining a firearms license includes submitting the necessary documents, undergoing a background check, and completing firearms safety and proficiency training.

In addition to a firearms license, individuals are also required to obtain an ammunition license to purchase, possess, and transport ammunition in the Philippines. This license is separate from the firearms license and must be renewed annually.


There are certain requirements and restrictions related to firearm ownership in the Philippines. Individuals must be at least 21 years old to be eligible to own a firearm. Applicants for a firearms license must undergo a thorough background check, which includes a review of their criminal, mental, and medical records. This is to ensure that firearms are only owned by responsible individuals who do not pose a threat to public safety.

Firearms in the Philippines are categorized into four types: small arms, light weapons, heavy weapons, and explosives. Ownership of heavy weapons and explosives is highly regulated and generally limited to the military, law enforcement, and licensed security agencies. The law also sets limits on the number of firearms that an individual can own, depending on the type of license and purpose of ownership. For example, civilians are generally allowed to own up to a maximum of three firearms, while members of the military and law enforcement may be allowed to own more, subject to certain conditions.


There are certain restrictions on firearms and weapons ownership in the Philippines. Prohibited firearms include fully automatic firearms, machine guns, and firearms disguised as ordinary objects. These firearms are not allowed for civilian ownership.

Firearms are generally not allowed in certain areas, such as schools, churches, and government buildings, unless carried by authorized law enforcement officers or security personnel. The transport and storage of firearms must be done in a secure and safe manner, as prescribed by the law and regulations. Failure to comply with these requirements can result in penalties and revocation of firearms licenses.

Firearms licenses are subject to renewal and can be revoked by the PNP for various reasons, including violation of firearms laws, mental incapacity, or loss of qualification to possess firearms. It is important for firearm owners to understand and comply with all relevant laws and regulations to avoid legal repercussions.

Using Firearms During Election Period in the Philippines

Elections are a crucial part of democracy, allowing citizens to exercise their right to vote and choose their leaders. However, in some cases, the use of firearms during the election period in the Philippines has been a cause for concern.

During the election period, the use of firearms, explosives, and other deadly weapons is strictly prohibited, except for authorized law enforcement officers and military personnel in the performance of their official duties. This prohibition applies to all individuals, including civilians, candidates, and government officials, regardless of whether they possess a valid firearms license.

The Gun Ban Law prohibits the carrying, bearing, transporting, or displaying of firearms, explosives, and other deadly weapons, including replica firearms and airguns, in public places or within the vicinity of polling places, election precincts, and other areas designated by the COMELEC. This includes the possession of firearms even if they are not being used or discharged.

Final Thoughts

Firearms and weapons laws in the Philippines are strict and heavily regulated to ensure public safety and prevent misuse. Obtaining the necessary licenses, complying with ownership requirements, and adhering to restrictions on firearms and weapons are essential for responsible firearm ownership. It is important to prioritize public safety and always comply with the law to avoid severe penalties. By understanding and following the firearms and weapons laws in the Philippines, individuals can contribute to a safer society and promote responsible firearm ownership.

Pinoy Attorney

Written by : Pinoy Attorney