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The Essential Elements Of Contracts

Although a contract is just a piece of paper that you sign to seal the deal, you can still end up in court due to misinterpretation. A poorly written contract is not necessarily the reason a person can face a lawsuit. Even if your contract has been prepared by one of the biggest law firms in the country, it is still not immune to criminal charges if the obligations that are stated have not been fulfilled. There are basic elements in a contract, which need to be present before any deals can be made. 

A contract refers to an agreement of two or more contracting parties on a particular venture whereby one person binds himself, with respect to the other, to render services or give something. 

The contract must not be obtained through undue influence, coercion, misrepresentation and fraud. As a general rule, the party who has suffered due to breach of contract can claim money damages from the other. The breaching party will also be ordered by the court to perform obligations that are stipulated in the contract.  

Contracts cannot completed without the following requisites:

(1) Contracting parties' consent; 

(2) subject matter of the contract; and 

(3) the cause of the obligation. 

The Basic Elements of Contracts

Consent

In general, when a consent is given, the contract is considered perfected. It can be deemed an oral contract that binds both contracting parties. One person must have a definite offer and the other must have an absolute acceptance of the offer. 

Object of the Agreement

The subject matter refers to the object of the contract. If a thing is deemed outside the commerce of man, it will not be accepted as the object of the contract. Contracts are made to transfer the rights of property, render services and others. However, the object of the contract must not be contrary to law, good customs, morals and public order. 

Consideration

The cause of the contract will be based on the type of contracts. For instance, onerous contract's cause is the promise of service or thing by the other person. Remunatory contract's cause is the benefit or service, which is being remunerated. For contracts of pure beneficence, the cause is the benefactor's liberality. The cause can only be defined based on the nature of the contract. 

An oral contract may not suffice even if both parties have made an agreement. A written contract is a strong proof that a deal or agreement has been made. It includes the necessary details that can be used in court when the obligations have not been met. 

Pinoy Attorney

Written by : Pinoy Attorney

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